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South Sudan, Sudan say pulling troops from tense border
by Staff Writers
Juba, South Sudan (AFP) March 11, 2013

Guinea-Bissau blocks timber exports to China
Bissau (AFP) March 11, 2013 - Guinea-Bissau's parliament vowed Monday to enforce a ban on timber exports to China in a bid to preserve its forests after violence flared between protesters and workers from a Chinese logging firm.

A law dating back to 1974 has made the export of timber illegal since the former Portuguese colony gained independence in the same year, but it has almost never been applied.

"We have passed a law banning the export of logs. We must apply it. We (are monitoring) 124 containers at the port which are ready to be shipped (but) they will not go to China," National Assembly president Sori Djalo told lawmakers.

Logging has become a contentious issue in Guinea-Bissau after violence flared last week between young protesters and Chinese loggers in Colibuia, a town 240 kilometres (150 miles) southeast of the capital.

"We cannot stand by (without doing anything) because the forest is our future and that of our children," Bocar Seidi Lemos, a youth leader in Colibuia, told AFP.

"They operate with the complicity of senior officials in the administration or the army," he added.

Director of forestry Luis Mendes Olundo said no logging licences had been granted to Chinese companies and that if any were operating, they must have been using licences transferred from local firms.

The export volume of timber authorised annually averages 20,000 cubic metres (1.5 million cubic feet) but twice that volume has already been shipped this year, according to a government report.

The armies of South Sudan and Sudan on Monday said they were pulling troops from contested border areas, in the latest attempt to set up a buffer zone after fighting last year.

Defence ministers from Juba and Khartoum agreed last Friday on steps to implement the demilitarised zone, which was never put into effect despite commitments by their presidents last September.

A regional political expert expressed doubt that the latest effort will succeed, calling the deal poorly drafted and difficult to monitor.

South Sudan's army spokesman, Philip Aguer, said soldiers would take around two weeks to withdraw southwards from a series of flashpoint border areas.

Troops must "start moving to the designated areas, 10 kilometres (six miles) away from the buffer zone," Aguer told reporters, reading a letter with orders from the army chief of staff.

In Sudan, a statement on Monday from Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohammed Hussein said his forces were committed to the timetable signed under African Union mediation last Friday in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

"From yesterday our troops started withdrawing from the buffer zone," he said.

President Omar al-Bashir and his South Sudanese counterpart Salva Kiir committed in September to "immediately" implement the demilitarised area as part of key agreements they hailed as ending conflict, after battles along their undemarcated frontier in March and April.

The September pacts also called for an opening of the frontier for trade and passage, and a resumption of South Sudanese oil exports through northern pipelines.

None of those measures took effect because of Khartoum's accusations that South Sudan supports rebels north of the border, particularly in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.

Juba denies the charge and in turn says Khartoum backs insurgents on its soil.

"It's very difficult to monitor, to verify," a regional political expert said of the demilitarised zone, which is supposed to be supervised by observers from Sudan, South Sudan and abroad.

The expert, who asked not to be named, said the pact is vague on some points including who would provide a battalion of troops to protect the monitors.

"This agreement is very bad," he said, adding that some people in both Sudan and South Sudan have no interest in a troop pullout.

"This process will stop, for sure," the expert said. "This current position between peace and war is suitable for them."

Troops are to be withdrawn to their respective sides of the buffer by March 24.

As Sudan and South Sudan announced their moves to demilitarise the border, Khartoum's forces said they clashed with rebels of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Blue Nile.

There were casualties on both sides when government forces "defeated" rebels who attacked a military post on a main north-south road at Surkum, northwest of El Kurmuk town Sunday and Monday, army spokesman Sawarmi Khaled Saad told AFP.

On Sunday the SPLM-N said the rebels had "tactically withdrawn" after an attack which left them in control of Surkum for several hours.

SPLM-N fighters were allies of southern rebels during the civil war that led to South Sudan's independence two years ago under a 2005 peace agreement.



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China congratulates Kenyatta over election win
Beijing (AFP) March 11, 2013
China on Monday offered Uhuru Kenyatta, Kenya's new leader who has been indicted on charges of crimes against humanity, its congratulations after he was elected president. "China congratulates Mr Kenyatta on being elected president of Kenya," foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told reporters. "We also congratulate Kenya on holding the election peacefully and successfully." Kenyatt ... read more

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