. Africa News .

Origin of state of ancient Egypt given new time line
by Staff Writers
Oxford, England (UPI) Sep 4, 2013

disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

Evidence shows ancient Egypt's transformation from a land of disparate farmers to a state ruled by a king was quicker than previously thought, researchers say.

Scientists at the University of Oxford in Britain say radiocarbon dating and computer models suggest the civilization's first ruler, King Aha, came to power in about 3100 B.C.

The pre-dynastic period, when early groups began to settle along the Nile and farm the land, had been thought to have began in 4000 B.C.

The new study revealed this process started later, between 3700 and 3600 B.C., and the society had transformed into one ruled by a king just a few centuries later.

"The time period is shorter than was previously thought -- about 300 or 400 years shorter," Oxford's Michael Dee told the BBC. "Egypt was a state that emerged quickly -- over that time one has immense social change.

"The formation of Egypt was unique in the ancient world. It was a territorial state; a state from which the moment it formed had established borders over a territory in much the same way we think of nations today," he said. "This is interesting when one compares it with other places. In Mesopotamia, for example, you have agriculture for several thousand years before you have anything like a state."

Archaeological evidence suggests King Solomon's mines existed
Tel Aviv, Israel (UPI) Sep 4, 2013 - Archaeologists conducting excavations in the south of Israel say they've uncovered copper mines dated to the days of King Solomon.

Copper mines previously thought to have been built by ancient Egyptians in the 13th century B.C. actually originated three centuries later during the reign of the legendary King Solomon, they said.

Scholarly research and analysis of materials found in the area -- the Timna Valley in Israel's Aravah Desert -- suggest the mines were operated by the Edomites, a semi-nomadic tribal confederation mentioned in the Bible as warring constantly with Israel, a release from the American Friends of Tel Aviv University reported Tuesday.

"The mines are definitely from the period of King Solomon," Tel Aviv archaeology Professor Erez Ben-Yosef said. "They may help us understand the local society, which would have been invisible to us otherwise."

Excavation revealed a massive smelting camp containing the remnants of hundreds of furnaces and layers of copper slag, the waste created during the smelting process.

Cooperation among thousands of people would have been required to operate the mines in the middle of the desert, the researchers said.

"In Timna Valley, we unearthed a society with undoubtedly significant development, organization, and power," Ben-Yosef said. "And yet because the people were living in tents, they would have been transparent to us as archaeologists if they had been engaged in an industry other than mining and smelting, which is very visible archaeologically."


Related Links
Africa News - Resources, Health, Food

Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Memory Foam Mattress Review

Newsletters :: SpaceDaily Express :: SpaceWar Express :: TerraDaily Express :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

Get Our Free Newsletters
Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear


Defence chiefs meet over DR Congo conflict
Kampala (AFP) Sept 04, 2013
Defence chiefs and foreign ministers from Africa's Great Lakes region met Wednesday in the latest bid to end fighting in resource-rich eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Congolese troops, backed by a special United Nations force, launched a fresh assault against the M23 army mutineers in the turbulent North-Kivu province late last month. Conflict in the fertile and valuable mining reg ... read more

Chinese dairies seek French tie-ups to shore up image

Peking duck not all it's quacked up to be

Crop pests moving polewards through global warming

New Zealand wants answers on milk 'botulism botch-up'

Submarine canyons a source of marine invertebrate diversity, abundance

Morphing manganese

Ocean fish acquire more mercury at depth

Sea otters promote recovery of seagrass beds

Climate at five minutes to midnight: IPCC head

Clock ticking on 2015 climate talks deal: EU commissioner

The potential for successful climate predictions

Slowdown in global warming only temporary: study

Berlin Senate opposes municipalization of city power grid

Non-Hydro Renewables Triple Output in a Decade

Irish power developer says grid operator delaying $400M plant

China to add 1,500 gigawatts of power capacity by 2030: study

Canadian scientists unravel camelina biofuel genome

New possibilities for efficient biofuel production

Microbial Who-Done-It For Biofuels

Microorganisms found in salt flats could offer new path to green hydrogen fuel

Niger asks for foreign help for flood victims

Olympics: Tokyo 2020 is a bid in the shadow of Fukushima

Italy says Syria crisis to worsen refugee problem

Australian police arrest suspected people smugglers

Detached pipe cap caused deadly China ammonia leak: officials

Hundreds of thousands of fish killed by China pollution

Haze returns to Indonesia as fires rage

New predictive method pinpoints arsenic hotspots

Shipping suffering low water levels on Great Lakes

Smithfield gets US security OK for Chinese takeover

BRICS urge careful US tapering as Putin hosts mini summit

Outside View: The trade deal that can't afford to be derailed

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2012 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement