Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
  Earth Science News  




Subscribe free to our newsletters via your




















AFRICA NEWS
El Nino can warn on cholera outbreaks in Africa: study
by Staff Writers
Washington (AFP) April 10, 2017


El Nino, the cyclical climatic phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean, is linked to shifts in cholera cases in Africa, providing an early warning that could save lives, scientists said Monday.

During the years when El Nino is warming the eastern Pacific, East Africa has about 50,000 additional cholera cases a year, new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.

By contrast, the years when El Nino is not active, there were 30,000 fewer cholera cases in East Africa, according to the study published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The researchers analyzed more than 17,000 annual observations from 3,710 different locations between 2000 and 2014 in Africa, which has the most cholera deaths in the world.

The total number of cases of cholera across Africa as a whole were about the same in El Nino years as compared with non-El Nino years, but the geographic distribution of illnesses was "fundamentally different," the study's authors said in a statement.

In total, 177 million people live in Africa in the regions where cholera cases spike with El Nino, and even triple in certain areas.

Cholera is an infectious bacterial disease that can be fatal. It is typically caught from infected water supplies, resulting in severe vomiting and diarrhea.

"We usually know when El Nino is coming six to 12 months before it occurs," said study leader Justin Lessler, an associate professor of epidemiology at the Bloomberg School.

"Knowing there is elevated cholera risk in a particular region can help reduce the number of deaths that result," he said.

"If you have cholera treatment centers available, fast, supportive care can reduce the fatality rate from cholera from as high as 30 percent to next to nothing."

El Nino conditions in the equatorial Pacific strongly impact weather conditions globally, including increasing rainfall in East Africa and decreasing rainfall in drier areas of northern and southern Africa.

In some areas, heavy rainfalls can cause sewers to overrun and contaminate drinking water.

In other parts of Africa, the dry conditions can make clean water sources less available and people are force to consume water from contaminated sources, the researchers noted.

There is a vaccine against cholera but its protection is not lifelong. In addition, there is not enough supply of the vaccine to cover the populations in the African regions where the incidence of cholera is linked to El Nino.

AFRICA NEWS
Three killed in Mogadishu army camp attack: military
Mogadishu (AFP) April 10, 2017
A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a Mogadishu army camp Monday, killing at least three soldiers a day after the army chief escaped an attack on his convoy, military sources said. "The suicide bomber was stopped at the main entrance and he blew himself up. Three soldiers died and several others were wounded," said soldier Abdukadir Farah, who was inside the camp at the time of the attac ... read more

Related Links
Africa News - Resources, Health, Food

Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once


credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly


paypal only

Comment using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

AFRICA NEWS
New global report on food crisis

A step forward to making crops drought tolerant

New rice fights off drought

Domesticated rice goes rogue

AFRICA NEWS
Powers of attraction could decimate deadly starfish

'Zero recovery' for corals in back-to-back Australia bleaching

Most deep-sea animals produce their own light, research shows

UBC invention uses bacteria to purify water

AFRICA NEWS
California declares stubborn drought officially over

Plants have been helping to offset climate change, but now it's up to us

G7 energy ministers fail to agree statement on climate change: Italy

How ENSO and Atlantic ADO impact East Asian winter monsoon

AFRICA NEWS
Electronic control to ensure photovoltaic systems always work at maximum power

Report shines light on installed costs and deployment barriers for residential solar PV

Concept, SolarTech team up next-gen solar panels

IEA: India needs diverse investments in renewables

AFRICA NEWS
Scientists engineer sugarcane to produce biodiesel, more sugar for ethanol

Gripen fighter completes test flights using 100 percent biofuel

Ridding the oceans of plastics by turning the waste into valuable fuel

Shell unveils giant new high-tech research lab in India

AFRICA NEWS
Colombia orders protection for musdlide town

Trump's visceral response prompts Syria strikes

Over 6,000 flee 'terrifying' violence in S.Sudan town: UN

After US strikes, Syria attack victims dream of Assad ouster

AFRICA NEWS
Iran sees foreign investments in energy sector stable

OMV sees Libya as a natural fit

Oil prices rally on geopolitical tensions

Brent decommissioning opaque, environmentalists say

AFRICA NEWS
Leading electronic fest Ultra expands to China, India

First 'Silk Road' train from Britain leaves for China

Developing Asia to fuel global growth but risks ahead: ADB

China plan for new economic zone sparks real estate frenzy




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News






The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement